The person who is most likely to match Carolyn is someone with the same or similar ethnic background.
In Canada, if you are one of the white patients and in need of a bone marrow transplant, 75 percent find a suitable donor. For everyone else, that number tumbles to 10-30% percent (I have not been able to find a breakdown by ethnicity for the latter group). This includes people who receive transplants involving an international donor.
There are 650 000 registrants in China and if you think that this is large number of people, you are WRONG. Because of the complexity of matching, hundreds of thousands of people are needed of this background to find someone who is Carolyn's genetic twin in terms of their bone marrow (someone with the same combination of ten genetic markers that form the human leukocyte antigen - HLA - complex).
WHERE? 该 到哪里才能捐赠骨髓?
浏览 OneMatch 注册成为捐赠者。
WHAT IS REQUIRED TO REGISTER? 要成为捐赠者需具备甚么 条件?
Between age 17 to 50 and of good health. Call or register on online and you will receive a Swab Kit with 4 Q-tips to collect your saliva samples to mail back to CBS. Once CBS receives the samples, you will be entered into the database - it is AS SIMPLE AS THAT.
In Quebec, contact Hema Quebec. They will send you a consent form, or you can download it from their website. Send it back and a representative will call to make an appointment to gather a blood sample. It takes less time than a blood donation! (Chinese translation required for this paragraph).
Before proceeding with a donation, you will be contacted by a registered nurse from OneMatch who will guide you through each step of the process. You will be required to complete a physical examination and routine medical tests. These tests may include a chest X-ray and electrocardiogram, as well as blood and urine analyses. They are intended to ensure that you are healthy and physically eligible to be a donor.
在配型成功后作出捐赠前 ﹐ 加 拿大血液中心的注册护士会与你联络﹐ 向你解释及引导每个步 骤，对捐献者进行体检。一是为了保护捐献者，保证其在身体不适时不去捐献；二是为了对
AND IF I RECEIVE A CLEAN BILL OF HEALTH?
如 果我的骨髓吻合而且通过体检﹐ 有关方面会怎样从我身上 抽取造血干细胞?
In most cases (including mine), the matching donor will be required to donate STEM CELLS through Stimulated Peripheral Blood Donation (AND NOT A BONE MARROW ASPIRATION):
Donor will receive injections of a drug called granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) every day for four to five days. The stem cells are then collected using a procedure called apheresis where your blood is drawn through a needle. The blood is then passed through a centrifuge where the stem cells are separated from the rest of your blood. The remaining blood is returned back into your body through another needle. This is a non-surgical procedure.